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Common Construction Injury Types

The construction injury carries significant risks of injury to construction workers. According to the CDC, of the 3.3 million nonfatal injuries and illnesses reported in 2009, more than 9% were experienced by construction workers. Construction workers experienced 4.3 nonfatal injuries and illnesses per 100 full time workers. Falls accounted for 22% of these injuries and illnesses construction workers reported.

Causes of Construction Injuries and Some Legal Remedies

The causes of construction injuries are numerous and varied. While some of these causes are easy to spot, others are less obvious. Familiarizing yourself with common injury types will help you avoid injury and identify any injuries you may have already suffered. Below, you’ll find explanations of some of the most common construction injury types.

Falls

One of the most common types of construction injuries are falls. Construction workers are at risk from falls from scaffolding, cranes, roofs, ladders, and other heights at work. If you’re injured in a fall, you may want to file a Workers' Compensation Claim and possibly a personal injury lawsuit against your employer or another party.

Falling Objects

Construction workers are at risk of being struck by objects from above, for example, tools used above the worker or construction materials that aren't properly secured. Brain and spinal injuries can occur, even if you're wearing appropriate safety equipment such as hardhats.

Equipment Related Accidents

Heavy machine equipment used on construction sites can fail or be dangerous. For example, a forklift could fail to work properly, a dumpster could fall over unexpectedly, or a nail gun could misfire. If equipment is unsafe or dangerous and that caused your injuries, you may wish to discuss with your attorney a legal theory called "product liability." That's the law about who's responsible for defective or dangerous products.

Backovers and Crushed –Betweens

Workers are at risk of being run over by large trucks backing out of construction sites. They are also sometimes crushed between large vehicles and walls or concrete. These types of accidents can be related to supervisor neglect in controlling a work site.

Fires and Explosions

Construction sites often contain hazardous conditions such as exposed wiring, leaking pipes, and flammable chemicals that could lead to fires and explosions. Less common than some other types of accidents, these can, however, be fatal or result in serious injuries.

Trench or Building Collapses

Another common type of construction injury is when a trench that's being built collapses on the workers inside. A building that’s being demolished or that’s under construction can suddenly or unexpectedly collapse, killing or seriously injuring those inside. Even if the cause of the accident can’t be directly determined, a negligence legal theory of "res ipsa loquitur" may apply and you can still be compensated without proving who was negligent or in what way.

Repetitive Motion Injuries, Heat Stroke, and Other Overexertion       

Due to the hard physical labor required for construction work, employees in this industry often have injuries related to overexertion, including:

  • Repetitive motion injuries
  • Muscle and joint damage due to overuse
  • Heat stress in hot conditions that can lead to brain, heart, or kidney damage or death
  • Hypothermia or frostbite resulting in the loss of fingers, toes, and parts of the face in cold climates

High Lead Levels

Unsafe construction sites and work practices can lead to work exposures to lead. Construction workers represented 16% of elevated blood lead concentration cases in 2002-2008.

Respiratory Diseases

From 1990 to 1999, more than 1,000 construction worker died from pneumoconiosis. Pneumoconiosis is legally defined as a chronic dust disease of the lung arising out employment, usually in coalmines. The most common pneumoconiosis conditions that have led to death in construction workers are Asbestosis, Coal Workers' Black Lung, and Silicosis. If you’re suffering from one of these respiratory conditions, you may have a product liability claim against your employers or the manufacturers or suppliers of asbestos, silica, or other product that harmed you.

Types of Medical Conditions Caused by Construction Injuries

The construction injuries described above can lead to medical conditions including:

  • Amputation of a finger, toe, or limb
  • Broken bones or fractures
  • Burns for fires, explosions, or electrocutions
  • Cuts or lacerations from exposed nails, tools, machinery, etc.
  • Death, in which case the construction worker's family should consider a wrongful death claim to be compensated the loss of their loved one
  • Eye injuries or loss of vision from being impaled by objects, such as shrapnel from grinding metal, can also lead to loss of vision, or dangerous chemicals or gases
  • Shoulder, knee, or ankle injures such as sprains or overuse damage
  • Loss of hearing from the loud noises on construction sites or failure to wear hearing protection while using machinery like a jack hammer
  • Paralysis and other spinal cord injuries, especially from falls
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from the experience of a traumatic accident, such as when fellow workers are also injured or killed
  • Toxic exposure to chemicals, such as from welding jobs
  • Head or traumatic brain injuries (TBI) often from falls or having objects dropped on a construction worker on the job site

Get Your Claim Reviewed at No Charge

If you've been injured at your construction site, it's in your best interests to consult with a construction accident attorney to protect your legal right to compensation. Typically, your employer's workers' compensation plan will cover your injuries and the time away from work, but every case is unique and you may need additional legal firepower. If in doubt, have an attorney review your claim today at no charge.

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