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Time Limits for Filing Product Liability Cases: State-by-State

A plaintiff in each state must bring an action within a certain period of time prescribed in the state's statute of limitations. In most states, the time period begins when the plaintiff discovered or should have discovered his or her injury, under what is known as the discovery rule. A few states begin this time period when the injury actually occurred. Some states have also enacted statutes of repose, which bar actions that are not brought within a specified period of time after some event has occurred, such as the initial sale of a product.

ALABAMA An action must be brought within one year from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
ALASKA An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
ARIZONA An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered. The state has enacted a 12-year statute of repose that begins to run once the product is first sold. The statute of repose does not apply to actions based on negligence or breach of warranty.
ARKANSAS An action must be brought within three years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
CALIFORNIA An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
COLORADO An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
CONNECTICUT An action must be brought within two three years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered. The state has enacted a 10-year statute of repose that begins to run once the manufacturer or seller has last parted with the product.
DELAWARE An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA An action must be brought within three years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
FLORIDA An action must be brought within four years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered. The state has enacted a 12-year statute of repose, subject to various exceptions.
GEORGIA An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered or one year from the date on which death has occurred. The state has enacted a 10-year statute of repose, subject to various exceptions.
HAWAII An action must be brought within two years from the time when the injury is or should have been discovered.
IDAHO An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a 10-year statute of repose, subject to various exceptions.
ILLINOIS An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a 12-year statute of repose that begins to run once the product is sold and a 10-year statute of repose that begins to run once the product is delivered to the first owner.
INDIANA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a 10-year statute of repose.
IOWA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
KANSAS An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
KENTUCKY An action must be brought within one year of the date on which the injury occurred. If injury, death, or property damage does not occur within eight years of the product's use, then this creates a rebuttable presumption that the product does not contain a defect.
LOUISIANA An action must be brought within one year of the date on which the injury occurred. This statute does not apply to minors.
MAINE An action must be brought within six years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MARYLAND An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MASSACHUSETTS An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MICHIGAN An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. If a product is in use for more than 10 years, then liability cannot be based on strict liability.
MINNESOTA An action must be brought within four years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MISSISSIPPI An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MISSOURI An action must be brought within five years of the date on which the injury occurred.
MONTANA An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
NEBRASKA An action must be brought within four years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a 10-year statute of repose, which begins to run from the date in which a product is first sold.
NEVADA An action must be brought within four years of the date on which the injury occurred.
NEW HAMPSHIRE An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred, except where a legal duty has been imposed by the government, in which case the action must be brought within six years. The state has enacted a 12-year statute of repose, which begins to run once the product is manufactured and sold.
NEW JERSEY An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
NEW MEXICO An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
NEW YORK An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
NORTH CAROLINA An action must be brought within six years from the date of the initial purchase.
NORTH DAKOTA An action must be brought within 10 years from the date of the initial purchase or within 11 years of the date of manufacture.
OHIO An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
OKLAHOMA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
OREGON An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted an eight-year statute of repose.
PENNSYLVANIA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
RHODE ISLAND An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
SOUTH CAROLINA An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
SOUTH DAKOTA An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a six-year statute of repose, which begins to run after purchase.
TENNESSEE An action must be brought within four years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a statute of repose that runs six years after an injury and 10 years after the initial purchase of a product.
TEXAS An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
UTAH An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
VERMONT An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
VIRGINIA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
WASHINGTON An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred. The state has enacted a 12-year statute of repose.
WEST VIRGINIA An action must be brought within two years of the date on which the injury occurred.
WISCONSIN An action must be brought within three years of the date on which the injury occurred.
WYOMING An action must be brought within four years of the date on which the injury occurred.
Next Steps
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